Die Alpen gelten als Frühwarnsystem für die Auswirkungen des Klimawandels: Einerseits stieg die Durchschnittstemperatur in den Alpen in den letzten 50 Jahren doppelt so stark wie im globalen Durchschnitt. Gleichzeitig reagiert der Alpenraum besonders sensibel auf Klimaveränderungen. Da das globale Klimasystem sehr träge reagiert, sind einschneidende Folgen selbst dann unvermeidlich, wenn internationale Klimaschutzziele verschärft und global umgesetzt würden. Der Tagungsband richtet seinen Fokus daher auf die zunehmende Gefährdung alpiner Regionen durch Naturgefahren und die Folgen des Klimawandels für den Alpentourismus. Einen Schwerpunkt bildet die Vorstellung lokaler und regionaler Good-Practice-Beispiele, bei denen nachhaltige Strategien für den Umgang mit zunehmenden Naturgefahren und Anpassungsstrategien der Tourismuswirtschaft umgesetzt worden sind.
´Reduce, reuse, recycle´ urge environmentalists; in other words, do more with less in order to minimize damage. But as architect William McDonough and chemist Michael Braungart point out in this provocative, visionary book, this approach only perpetuates the one-way, ´cradle to grave´ manufacturing model, dating to the Industrial Revolution, that creates such fantastic amounts of waste and pollution in the first place. Why not challenge the belief that human industry must damage the natural world? In fact, why not take nature itself as our model for making things? A tree produces thousands of blossoms in order to create another tree, yet we consider its abundance not wasteful but safe, beautiful and highly effective. Waste equals food. Guided by this principle, McDonough and Braungart explain how products can be designed from the outset so that, after their useful lives, they will provide nourishment for something new - continually circulating as pure and viable materials within a ´cradle to cradle´ model. Drawing on their experience in redesigning everything from carpeting to corporate campuses, McDonough and Braungart make an exciting and viable case for putting eco-effectiveness into practice, and show how anyone involved in making anything can begin to do so as well.
Ecological Applications offers a progressive examination of the way ecological theory can be applied to remedy the many problems confronting us. The text moves through the levels of individual organisms, populations, communities, and ecosystems, culminating with the macroecological scale of landscape, regional, and global issues. The book is designed to grab the reader´s interest with real-life problems but also to instil an understanding of the fundamentals of ecology. Applications including species conservation, pest control, harvest management, biosecurity, restoration, and reserve design are explored in both terrestrial and aquatic settings. The focus is on ecological sustainability, but economic and sociopolitical dimensions related to the sustainable use of natural resources are also examined. Ecological Applications is a current and comprehensive guide to the theory and practice of ecology for students and practitioners alike.
The first edition of Mike Alexander´s Management Planning for Nature Conservation , brought a new dimension to the modern literature on conservation management. This second edition, a significant enhancement of the original, deals with the development both, conceptual and practical, of adaptive management planning for nature conservation. It is about preparing management plans, and guides the reader through the entire process. Case-studies, including a conservation and access plan, demonstrate the planning process in action. This approach to planning can be applied to any place which is managed entirely, or in part, for wildlife. It can be applied to the management of species or habitats in any circumstance, regardless of site designation. The process is fully compatible with the Convention on Biological Diversity´s ´ecosystem approach´ to conservation management. Mike Alexander has long been at the forefront of developing management planning for conservation, with experience ranging from Uganda to Estonia, and from Costa Rica to Wales. He is the General Secretary of the Conservation Management System Consortium, a group of organisations with a common aim of raising standards and developing best practice in conservation management and planning. In 2012 Mike Alexander was elected a Fellow of the Society of Biology in recognition of his contribution to nature conservation and in particular management planning. This book has drawn on the experiences and expertise of the CMS consortium and other leaders in both conservation research and wildlife management from around the world. It is essential reading for professional conservation managers and any student studying management planning for conservation within a range of degree and postgraduate courses.